The shortness of breath is known as Dyspnea in medical terms. This disorder is more seen in asthma and heart patients. People suffering from Dyspnea are not able to perform routine tasks comfortably. One out of every four people who visit healthcare centers have breath shortness issues, says Cleveland Clinic Center.
Overexertion and intense physical activity also lead to temporary Dyspnea. However, it causes no harm and requires no medication. The chronic breathing problem is the matter of concern and needs to be treated as soon as possible. Unfortunately, there is no specific cause of Dyspnea. It can be due to pre-existing medical conditions such as asthma, pneumonia, heart failure, and iron deficiency anemia. People suffering from Anemia are often suggested to take liquid iron supplements to manage breathing problems. Here we are going to discuss the 6 leading causes of Dyspnea in detail. But, before proceeding, let us have a little insight into its symptoms.
- Having breathing issues after exercising.
- Feels suffocated due to shortness of breath
- Unexplained wheezing and coughing
Causes Of Dyspnea
- Heart Problems
Congestive heart failure is one of the critical reasons for Dyspnea. Don’t get confused with the term “failure”; here, it doesn’t mean that your heart stops working. It simply signifies that the cardiovascular system is not functioning properly. Breath shortness and fatigue are the early signals of the problem. Apart from this, people having this problem often have to deal with swollen ankles, legs, and feet as their heart does not pump blood efficiently.
In the initial phase, the patient feels difficulty in breathing after even light physical activity. However, their condition will worsen over time, and they will find it difficult to breathe even while resting. If this is happening to you or your close ones, it is highly recommended to visit nearby physicians.
When the hemoglobin level goes significantly low, the condition is known as Anemia. Hemoglobin is a blood protein that boosts RBCs formation and helps transport oxygen to every vital organ of the body. The main constituent of HB is iron. Suppose you do not consume enough iron, the chances of having anemia increase. In this condition, your blood will not carry adequate oxygen, which exerts extra pressure on the heart and leads to breathlessness. Worry not; the effective anemia treatment can help you to get rid of Dyspnea. All you need to do is to consume premium-quality iron supplements.
Extra fat on the body produces some hormones that disturb your breathing. It has been observed that obese people have trouble in-breath sincerely. They often develop respiratory problems because extra pressure is put on the muscles working to control breathing. Also, it affects the functionality of the lungs. Hence, it is indispensable to maintain a healthy weight to overcome breathing issues.
Asthmatic people also experience acute or chronic Dyspnea. Asthma affects the lungs- it swells or narrows the airways and produces excessive mucus. All these things can lead to coughing and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, it could be life-threatening too. Hence it is better to take proper measures to get rid of this medical condition at the earliest.
- Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety can also trigger the symptoms of breath shortness. It is not the case for everyone, but many people experience trouble breathing when they feel anxious. There is no drug to treat this problem; only self-control and meditation can help reduce anxiety, curbing shortness of breath.
Pneumonia and other pulmonary infections also cause breathing issues. It inflames the air sacs of the lungs and fills them with pus. The victim may have a fever, chest pain, and violent cough attacks. However, they will feel back to normal within 3 to 6 months.
COVID-19 has spread all over the world, and coronavirus directly affects the respiratory system. Therefore, if you already have Dyspnea or breathing problems, it would be better to take extra care of yourself. Intake healthy meals and do not hesitate to take nutrient alternatives if required.